Readerz.Netトップページに戻る | 前のページに戻る

該当商品
Amazon.co.jpで商品の詳細を表示
罪人を召し出せ

ヒラリー マンテル
Hilary Mantel
単行本
早川書房
604ページ
Amazon.co.jpで商品の詳細を表示
ウルフ・ホール (上)

ヒラリー・マンテル
宇佐川 晶子
単行本
早川書房
492ページ
Amazon.co.jpで商品の詳細を表示
ウルフ・ホール (下)

ヒラリー・マンテル
宇佐川 晶子
単行本
早川書房
477ページ
カスタマーレビューはありません。
著者の詳細

Hilary Mantel

Dame Hilary Mary Mantel, DBE FRSL ( man-TEL; born Thompson, 6 July 1952), is an English writer whose work includes personal memoirs, short stories, and historical fiction.

She has twice been awarded the Booker Prize, the first for the 2009 novel Wolf Hall, a fictional account of Thomas Cromwell's rise to power in the court of Henry VIII, and the second for the 2012 novel Bring Up the Bodies, the second instalment of the Cromwell trilogy. Mantel was the first woman to receive the award twice, following in the footsteps of J. M. Coetzee, Peter Carey and J. G. Farrell (who posthumously won the Lost Man Booker Prize). The third instalment to the trilogy, The Mirror and the Light, is in progress.

Early life

Hilary Mary Thompson was born in Glossop, Derbyshire, the eldest of three children, and raised in the mill village of Hadfield where she attended St Charles Roman Catholic primary school. Her parents, Margaret (née Foster) and Henry Thompson, both of Irish descent, were also born in England. Her parents separated and she did not see her father after the age of eleven. The family, without her father but with Jack Mantel (1932–1995) who by now had moved in with them, relocated to Romiley, Cheshire, and Jack became her unofficial stepfather. She took her de facto stepfather's surname legally.

She has explored her family background, the mainspring of much of her fiction, in her 2003 memoir, Giving Up the Ghost. Although she lost her religious faith at age 12, she says it left a permanent mark on her:

"[the] real cliché, the sense of guilt. You grow up believing that you're wrong and bad. And for me, because I took what I was told really seriously, it bred a very intense habit of introspection and self-examination and a terrible severity with myself. So that nothing was ever good enough. It's like installing a policeman, and one moreover who keeps changing the law."

She attended Harrytown Convent School in Romiley, Cheshire. In 1970, she began her studies at the London School of Economics to read law. She transferred to the University of Sheffield and graduated as Bachelor of Jurisprudence in 1973. During her university years, she was a socialist.

Early career

After university, Mantel worked in the social work department of a geriatric hospital and then as a sales assistant in a department store.

In 1972, she married Gerald McEwen, a geologist. In 1974, she began writing a novel about the French Revolution, which was later published as A Place of Greater Safety. In 1977, Mantel moved to Botswana with her husband where they lived for the next five years. Later, they spent four years in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. She published a memoir of this period in the London Review of Books. She later said that leaving Jeddah felt like "the happiest day of [her] life".

McEwen gave up geology to manage his wife's business. They divorced, but remarried a couple of years later.

Literary career

Her first novel, Every Day is Mother's Day, was published in 1985, and its sequel, Vacant Possession, a year later. After returning to England, she became the film critic of The Spectator, a position she held from 1987 to 1991, and a reviewer for a number of papers and magazines in Britain and the United States. Her novel Eight Months on Ghazzah Street (1988), which drew on her life in Saudi Arabia, uses a threatening clash of values between the neighbours in a city apartment block to explore the tensions between Islamic culture and the liberal West. Her Winifred Holtby Memorial Prize-winning novel Fludd is set in 1956 in a fictitious northern village called Fetherhoughton, centring on a Roman Catholic church and a convent. A mysterious stranger brings about transformations in the lives of those around him.

A Place of Greater Safety (1992) won the Sunday Express Book of the Year award, for which her two previous books had been shortlisted. A long and historically accurate novel, it traces the career of three French revolutionaries, Danton, Robespierre and Camille Desmoulins, from childhood to their early deaths during the Reign of Terror of 1794.

A Change of Climate (1994), set in rural Norfolk, explores the lives of Ralph and Anna Eldred, as they raise their four children and devote their lives to charity. It includes chapters about their early married life as missionaries in South Africa, when they were imprisoned and deported to Bechuanaland, and the tragedy that occurred there.

An Experiment in Love (1996), which won the Hawthornden Prize, takes place over two university terms in 1970. It follows the progress of three girls – two friends and one enemy – as they leave home and attend university in London. Margaret Thatcher makes a cameo appearance in this novel, which explores women's appetites and ambitions, and suggests how they are often thwarted. Though Mantel has used material from her own life, it is not an autobiographical novel.

Her next book, The Giant, O'Brien (1998), is set in the 1780s, and is based on the true story of Charles Byrne (or O'Brien). He came to London to earn money by displaying himself as a freak. His bones hang today in the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons. The novel treats O'Brien and his antagonist, the Scots surgeon John Hunter, less as characters in history than as mythic protagonists in a dark and violent fairytale, necessary casualties of the Age of Enlightenment. She adapted the book for BBC Radio 4, in a play starring Alex Norton (as Hunter) and Frances Tomelty.

In 2003, Mantel published her memoir, Giving Up the Ghost, which won the MIND "Book of the Year" award. That same year she brought out a collection of short stories, Learning To Talk. All the stories deal with childhood and, taken together, the books show how the events of a life are mediated as fiction. Her 2005 novel, Beyond Black, was shortlisted for the Orange Prize. Set in the late 1990s and early 2000s, it features a professional medium, Alison Hart, whose calm and jolly exterior conceals grotesque psychic damage. She trails around with her a troupe of "fiends", who are invisible but always on the verge of becoming flesh.

The long novel Wolf Hall, about Henry VIII's minister Thomas Cromwell, was published in 2009 to critical acclaim. The book won that year's Man Booker Prize and, upon winning the award, Mantel said, "I can tell you at this moment I am happily flying through the air". Judges voted three to two in favour of Wolf Hall for the prize. Mantel was presented with a trophy and a £50,000 cash prize during an evening ceremony at the London Guildhall. The panel of judges, led by the broadcaster James Naughtie, described Wolf Hall as an "extraordinary piece of storytelling". Leading up to the award, the book was backed as the favourite by bookmakers and accounted for 45% of the sales of all the nominated books. It was the first favourite since 2002 to win the award. On receiving the prize, Mantel said that she would spend the prize money on "sex and drugs and rock' n' roll".

The sequel to Wolf Hall, called Bring Up the Bodies, was published in May 2012 to wide acclaim. It won the 2012 Costa Book of the Year and the 2012 Man Booker Prize; Mantel thus became the first British writer and the first woman to win the Man Booker Prize more than once. Mantel is working on the third novel of the Thomas Cromwell trilogy, called The Mirror and the Light.

She is also working on a short non-fiction book called The Woman Who Died of Robespierre about the Polish playwright Stanisława Przybyszewska. Mantel also writes reviews and essays, mainly for The Guardian, the London Review of Books and the New York Review of Books. The Culture Show programme on BBC Two broadcast a profile of Mantel on 17 September 2011.

In December 2016, Mantel spoke with Kenyon Review editor David H. Lynn on the KR Podcast about the way historical novels are published, what it’s like to live in the world of one character for more than ten years, writing for the stage, and the final book in her Thomas Cromwell Trilogy, The Mirror and the Light.

She delivered the 2017 Reith Lectures on BBC Radio Four, talking about the theme of historical fiction. Her final one of these lectures was on the theme of adaptation of historical novels for stage or screen.

Health

During her twenties, Mantel suffered from a debilitating and painful illness. She was initially diagnosed with a psychiatric illness, hospitalised, and treated with antipsychotic drugs, which reportedly produced psychotic symptoms. In consequence, Mantel refrained from seeking help from doctors for some years. Finally, in Botswana and desperate, she consulted a medical textbook and realised she was probably suffering from a severe form of endometriosis, a diagnosis confirmed by doctors in London. The condition and necessary surgery left her unable to have children and continued to disrupt her life. Continued treatment by steroids caused weight gain and radically changed her appearance.

She was patron and is a supporter of the Endometriosis SHE Trust.

Controversies

Commentary on media portrayal of royalty

In a 2013 speech on media and royal women at the British Museum, Mantel commented on Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, saying in passing that the Duchess was forced to present herself publicly as a personality-free "shop window mannequin" whose sole purpose is to deliver an heir to the throne. Mantel also said: "It may be that the whole phenomenon of monarchy is irrational, but that doesn't mean that when we look at it we should behave like spectators at Bedlam. Cheerful curiosity can easily become cruelty."

These remarks caused much controversy. The Leader of the Opposition Ed Miliband and Prime Minister David Cameron criticised them, while Jemima Khan and Hadley Freeman defended Mantel.

Thatcher murder fantasy

In September 2014, in an interview published in The Guardian, Mantel confessed to fantasizing about the murder of Margaret Thatcher in 1983, and fictionalized the event in a short story called "The Assassination of Margaret Thatcher: 6 August 1983". In the interview she expands on her hatred for the former British prime minister. Allies of Thatcher called for a police investigation, to which Mantel sarcastically responded, "bringing in the police for an investigation was beyond anything I could have planned or hoped for, because it immediately exposes them to ridicule".

Allegations of anti-Catholicism

In an interview with the Telegraph, Mantel stated that "I think that nowadays the Catholic Church is not an institution for respectable people." She continued in the interview to say that "When I was a child I wondered why priests and nuns were not nicer people. I thought that they were amongst the worst people I knew." These statements have led some to question her work in Wolf Hall, with Bishop Mark O'Toole noting that "There is an anti-Catholic thread there, there is no doubt about it. Wolf Hall is not neutral."

Awards and honours

  • 1987 Shiva Naipaul Memorial Prize
  • 1990 Southern Arts Literature Prize for Fludd
  • 1990 Cheltenham Prize for Fludd
  • 1990 Winifred Holtby Memorial Prize for Fludd
  • 1992 Sunday Express Book of the Year for A Place of Greater Safety
  • 1996 Hawthornden Prize for An Experiment in Love
  • 2003 MIND Book of the Year for Giving Up the Ghost (A Memoir)
  • 2006 Commonwealth Writers Prize (Eurasia Region, Best Book), shortlisted for Beyond Black
  • 2006 Orange Prize for Fiction shortlisted for Beyond Black
  • 2009 Man Booker Prize for Wolf Hall
  • 2009 National Book Critics Circle Award for Wolf Hall
  • 2009 Honorary DLitt from Sheffield Hallam University
  • 2010 Walter Scott Prize for Wolf Hall
  • 2010 Specsavers National Book Awards "UK Author of the Year" for Wolf Hall
  • 2011 Honorary DLitt from the University of Exeter
  • 2010 Orange Prize for Fiction shortlisted for Wolf Hall
  • 2012 Man Booker Prize for Bring Up the Bodies
  • 2012 Specsavers National Book Awards "UK Author of the Year" for Bring Up the Bodies
  • 2012 Costa Book Awards (Novel) for Bring Up the Bodies
  • 2012 Costa Book Awards (Book of the Year) for Bring Up the Bodies
  • 2013 David Cohen Prize
  • 2013 South Bank Sky Arts Award for Bring up the Bodies
  • 2013 Honorary DLitt from the University of Cambridge
  • 2013 Honorary DLitt from the University of Derby
  • 2013 Honorary DLitt from Bath Spa University
  • 2015 Honorary DLitt from the University of Oxford
  • 2015 Honorary degree from the Oxford Brookes University
  • 2016 British Academy President's Medal
  • 2016 Kenyon Review Award for Literary Achievement

She was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2006 Birthday Honours and Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in the 2014 Birthday Honours for services to literature.

List of works

Novels

  • Every Day is Mother's Day: Chatto & Windus, 1985
  • Vacant Possession: Chatto & Windus, 1986
  • Eight Months on Ghazzah Street: Viking, 1988
  • Fludd: Viking, 1989
  • A Place of Greater Safety: Viking, 1992
  • A Change of Climate: Viking, 1994
  • An Experiment in Love: Viking, 1995
  • The Giant, O'Brien: Fourth Estate, 1998
  • Beyond Black: Fourth Estate, 2005
  • Literary Genius: 25 Classic Writers Who Define English & American Literature: Paul Dry Books, 2007 (Illustrated by Barry Moser)
  • Wolf Hall: Fourth Estate, 2009
  • Bring Up the Bodies: Fourth Estate, 2012
  • The Mirror and the Light: in progress

Short stories

  • Learning to Talk (Fourth Estate, 2003)
  • The Assassination of Margaret Thatcher: Stories (Fourth Estate, 2014)

Memoir

  • Giving Up the Ghost: Fourth Estate, 2003

Articles

  • "What a man this is, with his crowd of women around him!", London Review of Books, 30 March 2000.
  • "Some Girls Want Out", London Review of Books, v. 26 no. 5, pg 14–18, 4 March 2004. Describes extreme fasting for religious purposes as "holy anorexia", compares it with "secular anorexia", and characterizes both as "social hypocrisy".
  • "Diary", London Review of Books, 4 November 2010.
  • Blot, erase, delete: How the author found her voice and why all writers should resist the urge to change their past words, Index Censorship, September 2016.

References

External links

  • Hilary Mantel's Website
  • Hilary Mantel's Facebook Fan Page
  • Online Wall Street Journal review
  • Interview with Ramona Koval, The Book Show, ABC Radio National, 21.10.08
  • Profile in The New Yorker magazine
  • Mantel archive from The New York Review of Books
  • Articles by Hilary Mantel on her publisher's blog, 5th Estate
  • "Hilary Mantel, Art of Fiction No. 226". The Paris Review (Interview) (212). Interview with Mona Simpson. Spring 2015. 


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Readerz.Netトップページに戻る | 前のページに戻る