A Visit from the Goon Squad
A Visit from the Goon Squad is a 2011 Pulitzer Prize-winning work of fiction by American author Jennifer Egan. The book is a set of thirteen interrelated stories with a large set of characters all connected to Bennie Salazar, a record company executive, and his assistant, Sasha. The book centers on the mostly self-destructive characters, who, as they grow older, are sent in unforeseen, and sometimes unusual, directions by life. The stories shift back and forth in time from the late 1960s to the present and into the near future. Many of the stories take place in and around New York City, although other settings include San Francisco, Italy, and Kenya.
In addition to winning the Pulitzer Prize, the book also won the National Book Critics Circle Award for fiction in 2010. The novel received mostly positive reviews from critics.
Collection or novel
Because of its unusual narrative structure, some critics have characterized the book as a novel and others as a collection of linked short stories. A Visit from the Goon Squad has 13 chapters, all of which can be read as individual stories, and do not focus on any single central character or narrative arc. In addition, many of the chapters were originally published as short stories in magazines such as The New Yorker and Harper's. In an interview with Salon.com's Laura Miller, Egan said she leaned toward calling the book a novel rather than a short story collection. She has also said that she considers the book to be neither a story collection nor a novel.
- Found Objects – Sasha goes out on a date with a young man named Alex. Set in the present day, told in the third person from Sasha's perspective.
- The Gold Cure – Bennie, Sasha and Bennie's son Christopher go to check in on one of Bennie's bands, Stop/Go. Set a couple of years in the past, told in the third person from Bennie's perspective.
- Ask Me If I Care – Bennie and Scotty's band, The Flaming Dildos, score a show at a punk club, thanks to a music producer named Lou, who is dating their friend Jocelyn. Set in the early '80s in San Francisco, told in the first person from Rhea's perspective.
- Safari – Lou takes his children, Rolph and Charlene, as well as his new girlfriend Mindy, on a hunting safari in Kenya. Set in 1973, the story is told in the third person, mostly from Mindy's perspective.
- You (Plural) – Jocelyn and Rhea visit Lou on his death bed. Set about a decade in the past, told in the first person from Jocelyn's perspective.
- X's and O's – Scotty delivers a fish to Bennie at his Sow's Ear Records office, where they have a tense standoff. Set a few years in the past, told in the first person from Scotty's perspective.
- A to B – Stephanie, Bennie's wife and a publicist, and her brother, Jules, pay a visit to Bosco, an aging rockstar. Set a few years in the past, told in the third person from Stephanie's perspective.
- Selling the General – Dolly, a washed-up publicist, enlists the help of a formerly-famous starlet, Kitty Jackson, to soften the image of a murderous dictator who has hired her. Set in the present, told in the third person from Dolly's perspective.
- Forty Minute Lunch: Kitty Jackson Opens Up About Love, Fame and Nixon! Jules Jones Reports – Jules interviews Kitty Jackson, as he has been hired to write a magazine article about her. However, as their lunch is drawing to a close, Jules convinces Kitty to go for a walk with him in Central Park, where he subsequently assaults her. Set a few years in the past, presented as a magazine article Jules writes in prison.
- Out of Body – Rob and Drew, Sasha's boyfriend, spend a night partying, before they go for a swim in the East River, where Rob drowns. Set a decade or so in the past, told in the second person from Rob's perspective.
- Goodbye, My Love – Ted Hollander is in Naples, ostensibly looking for his niece Sasha, who disappeared two years before. However, Ted is using the all-expenses-paid trip as an excuse to visit museums and see art. Set about a decade and a half in the past, told in the third person from Ted's point of view.
- Great Rock and Roll Pauses by Alison Blake – Set about 15 years in the future, presented as a power-point presentation made by Alison.
- Pure Language – Alex, an audio technician, is hired by Bennie to find 50 'parrots' – essentially people paid to feign fandom – for Scotty's debut show. Set about 15 years in the future, told from Alex's point of view in the third person.
- Sasha: Runs away to Asia and then Naples as a teenager, then studies at NYU and later becomes Bennie's assistant (for 12 years). Is a kleptomaniac. Marries late and moves to the desert to raise her two kids.
- Bennie: Interested in the music business. Once a member of a band named "Flaming Dildos" with Scotty, Alice, Rhea, and Jocelyn. Later creates his own record label.
- Lou: A music producer, and Bennie's mentor. Has many different affairs, marriages and children.
- Scotty: Member of the Flaming Dildos as a teenager, but goes on to live in the margins of society. Eventually achieves a level of musical success as an older man.
- Stephanie: Bennie's first wife. A member of a country club she resents, but where she enjoys playing tennis.
- Dolly: Publicist in pursuit of fame who loses her business in disgrace. Eventually opens a cheese shop upstate.
- Lulu: Dolly's daughter; unsure of father. Eventually replaces Sasha as Bennie's assistant in the final story, set in the near-future.
- Kitty: A hugely successful teen star who becomes jaded and harsh after she is assaulted by Jules. Later does a publicity job for Dolly.
- Jules: Stephanie's older brother. A bi-polar celebrity journalist who goes to prison after assaulting Kitty.
- Rob: Sasha's (debatably) bisexual best friend in college. Survives a suicide attempt but drowns while swimming with Sasha's boyfriend months later.
- Bosco: Guitarist. Once a rockstar in The Conduits, who becomes a fat, aging cancer survivor with many health problems.
- Alex: Went on a date and slept with Sasha in his twenties, later marries Rebecca and has a daughter Cara-Ann. Does a job for Bennie, secretly advertising Scotty's show.
- Jocelyn: Dated (middle-aged) Lou when she was teenager. Later visits him as he is dying.
- Drew: Sasha's boyfriend in college. Present when Rob drowns. He and Sasha re-connect years later, get married and have two children, and move to the desert. He is a doctor.
- Ted: Sasha's uncle, an art history professor, who goes looking for her while she is in Naples.
- Alison: Drew and Sasha's daughter.
"Goon squads" were originally groups of violent thugs who would beat up workers who tried to form labor unions. Later the term "goon" came to refer more generally to any violent thug, and this is where the book draws its central metaphor. In one story, a character named Bosco declares: "Time's a goon, right?", referring to the way that time and fate cruelly rob most of the book's characters of their youth, innocence and success. As Bosco complains: "How did I go from being a rock star to being a fat fuck no one cares about?" Some of the book's characters do end up finding happiness, but it is always a limited happiness, and it is rarely in the form that they intended. In an interview, Egan explained that "time is the stealth goon, the one you ignore because you are so busy worrying about the goons right in front of you."
Many of the book's characters work in the music industry, particularly the rock music business. Rock and roll, with its emphasis on youth culture, plays into the book's themes of aging and the loss of innocence. As Egan says, "my 9-year-old loves Lady Gaga and refers to Madonna as ‘old school’. There’s no way to avoid becoming part of the past." Rock music was also central to the marketing push behind the book, although the actual text does not focus directly on musicians or music making. Egan said she knew rock and roll only as a consumer at the time she began writing the book and had to do a lot of research on the subject.
Egan said the story was inspired by two sources: Proust's In Search of Lost Time, and HBO's The Sopranos. It is a novel of memory and kinship, continuity and disconnection.
The novel won both the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the National Book Critics Circle Award for Fiction. The Pulitzer Prize Board noted that the novel was an "inventive investigation of growing up and growing old in the digital age, displaying a big-hearted curiosity about cultural change at warp speed".
In commenting on her Pulitzer, NPR critic Jonathan Bastian noted that "Egan is the one of the most recent and successful examples of a trend that has been steadily seeping into the world of contemporary literature." The unusual format of the novel, taking place across multiple platforms, has led some critics to label the novel "post-postmodern". Many critics were impressed by Egan's experiments with structure, such as a section formatted like a PowerPoint printout.
On April 20, 2011, two days after the Pulitzer win, it was announced that a deal with HBO for a television series adaptation had been signed. As of February 2013, it was no longer in development.
- Review by Ron Charles, The Washington Post, June 16, 2010
- Review by Janet Maslin, The New York Times Book Review, June 20, 2010
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