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10歳までに読みたい世界名作9 アルプスの少女ハイジ

ヨハンナ・シュピリ
横山洋子
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学研プラス
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アルプスの少女ハイジ (10歳までに読みたい世界名作)

ヨハンナ シュピリ
松永 美穂
単行本
学研教育出版
153ページ
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ハイジ (上) (岩波少年文庫 (106))

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マルタ・プファネンシュミート
単行本
岩波書店
317ページ
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ハイジ 上 (岩波少年文庫)

ヨハンナ・シュピリ
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岩波書店
258ページ
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ハイジ (下) (岩波少年文庫 (107))

ヨハンナ・シュピリ
マルタ・プファネンシュミート
単行本
岩波書店
280ページ
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ハイジ 下 (岩波少年文庫)

ヨハンナ・シュピリ
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岩波書店
224ページ
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アルプスの少女ハイジ (角川文庫)

ヨハンナ シュピリ
Johanna Spyri
文庫
角川書店
349ページ
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ハイジ (講談社の翻訳絵本)

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平野 卿子
単行本
講談社
32ページ
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アルプスの少女ハイジ (ポプラ世界名作童話)

ヨハンナ シュピリ
pon‐marsh
単行本
ポプラ社
163ページ
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アルプスの少女ハイジ (マンガジュニア名作シリーズ)

ヨハンナ シュピリ
Johanna Spyri
単行本
学研教育出版
191ページ
著者の詳細

Johanna Spyri

Johanna Louise Spyri (née Heusser; German: [joˈhana ˈʃpiːri]; 12 June 1827 – 7 July 1901) was a Swiss-born author of novels, notably children's stories, and is best known for her book Heidi. Born in Hirzel, a rural area in the canton of Zurich, Switzerland, as a child she spent several summers near Chur in Graubünden, the setting she later would use in her novels.

Biography

In 1852, Johanna Heusser married Bernhard Spyri. Bernhard was a lawyer. Whilst living in the city of Zürich she began to write about life in the country. Her first story, A Note on Vrony's Grave, which deals with a woman's life of domestic violence, was published in 1880; the following year further stories for both adults and children appeared, among them the novel Heidi, which she wrote in four weeks. Heidi is the story of an orphan girl who lives with her grandfather in the Swiss Alps, and is famous for its vivid portrayal of the landscape.

Her husband and her only child, named Bernard, both died in 1884. Alone, she devoted herself to charitable causes and wrote over fifty more stories before her death in 1901. She was interred in the family plot at the Sihlfeld-A Cemetery in Zürich. An icon in Switzerland, Spyri's portrait was placed on a postage stamp in 1951 and on a 20 CHF commemorative coin in 2009.

Plagarism claim

In April 2010 a professor searching for children's illustrations found a book written in 1830 by a German history teacher, Hermann Adam von Kamp, that Johanna may have used as a basis for Heidi. The 1830 story is titled Adelheide - das Mädchen vom Alpengebirge—translated, "Adelaide, the girl from the Alps". The two stories were alleged to share many similarities in plot line and imagery. Spyri biographer Regine Schindler said it was entirely possible that Johanna may have been familiar with the story as she grew up in a literate household with many books. However, the professor's claims have been examined and afterwards described as "un-scientific", due to 'superficial coincidences' he brings up in descriptions and the many actual differences in the story, that he doesn't, as well as the "Swiss disease" of homesickness already being a common trope in fiction in the eighteenth (nineteenth in the article) century (as well as, while not mentioned in the article, it being discovered before von Kamp was even born) and characters that are either drastically different or not in "Adelaide", at all.

Bibliography

The following is a list of her main books:

  • Heidi (1880)
  • The Story of Rico (1882)
  • Gritli's Children (1885)
  • Rico and Wiseli (1885)
  • Veronica And Other Friends (1886)
  • Cornelli (1892)
  • Moni the Goat-Boy (1897)
  • Uncle Titus and His Visit to the Country (1913)
  • What Sami Sings with the Birds (1917)
  • Toni, the Little Woodcarver (1920)
  • Erick and Sally (1921)
  • Mäzli (1921)
  • Vinzi: A Story of the Swiss Alps (1923)

Her books were originally written in German. The translations into English at the end of the 19th century, or the early 1900s, mention H. A. Melcon (1839-1910), Marie Louise Kirk (1860-1936), Emma Stelter Hopkins, Louise Brooks, Helen B. Dole and the couple Charles Wharton Stork and Elisabeth P. Stork.

References

External links

  • Works written by or about Johanna Spyri at Wikisource
  • Media related to Johanna Spyri at Wikimedia Commons
  • Works by Johanna Spyri at Project Gutenberg
  • Works by or about Johanna Spyri at Internet Archive
  • Works by Johanna Spyri at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
  • Works by Johanna Spyri at Classicreader.com


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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