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ピーター・ラビットの自然はもう戻らない―イギリス国家と再処理工場

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Gilead

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The Givenness of Things: Essays
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Chez nous

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著者の詳細

Marilynne Robinson

Marilynne Summers Robinson (born November 26, 1943) is an American novelist and essayist. During her writing career Robinson has received numerous awards, including the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 2005, the 2012 National Humanities Medal, and the 2016 Library of Congress Prize for American Fiction. In 2016 Robinson was named in Time Magazine's list of 100 most influential people. Robinson began teaching at the Iowa Writers' Workshop in 1991, and retired in the spring of 2016.

Robinson is best known for her novels Housekeeping (1980) and Gilead (2004). Her novels are noted for both their thematic depiction of rural life and faith. The subjects of her essays have spanned numerous topics, including the relationship between religion and science, nuclear pollution, John Calvin, and contemporary American politics.

Biography

Robinson (née Summers) was born and grew up in Sandpoint, Idaho. Her brother is the art historian David Summers, who dedicated his book Vision, Reflection, and Desire in Western Painting to her. She did her undergraduate work at Pembroke College, the former women's college at Brown University, receiving her B.A., magna cum laude in 1966, where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. She received her Ph.D. in English from the University of Washington in 1977.

Robinson has written four highly acclaimed novels: Housekeeping (1980), Gilead (2004), Home (2008), and Lila (2014). Housekeeping was a finalist for the 1982 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction (US), Gilead was awarded the 2005 Pulitzer, and Home received the 2009 Orange Prize for Fiction (UK). Home is a companion to Gilead and focuses on the Boughton family during the same time period.

She is also the author of non-fiction works including Mother Country: Britain, the Welfare State, and Nuclear Pollution (1989), The Death of Adam: Essays on Modern Thought (1998), Absence of Mind: The Dispelling of Inwardness from the Modern Myth of the Self (2010), When I Was a Child I Read Books: Essays (2012), and The Givenness of Things: Essays (2015). She has written articles, essays and reviews for Harper’s, The Paris Review and The New York Review of Books

She has been writer-in-residence or visiting professor at many universities, including the University of Kent, Amherst, and the University of Massachusetts Amherst' MFA Program for Poets and Writers. In 2009, she held a Dwight H. Terry Lectureship at Yale University, giving a series of talks titled Absence of Mind: The Dispelling of Inwardness from the Modern Myth of the Self. On April 19, 2010, she was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In May 2011, Robinson delivered Oxford University's annual Esmond Harmsworth Lecture in American Arts and Letters at the university's Rothermere American Institute.

She is currently the F. Wendell Miller Professor of English and Creative Writing at the Iowa Writers' Workshop, and lives in Iowa City. She was the keynote speaker for the Workshop's 75th anniversary celebration in June 2011. In 2012, Brown University awarded Robinson the degree of Doctor of Literature, honoris causa. On February 18, 2013, she was the speaker at the Easter Convocation of the University of the South, Sewanee, Tennessee and was awarded the degree of Doctor of Literature, honoris causa. The College of the Holy Cross, Notre Dame, Amherst College, Skidmore College, and Oxford University have also awarded Robinson honorary degrees. She has been elected a fellow of Mansfield College, Oxford University.

Robinson was raised as a Presbyterian and later became a Congregationalist, worshipping and sometimes preaching at the Congregational United Church of Christ in Iowa City. Her Congregationalism, and her interest in the ideas of John Calvin, have been important in her works, including Gilead, which centers on the life and theological concerns of a fictional Congregationalist minister. In an interview with the Church Times in 2012, Robinson said: "I think, if people actually read Calvin, rather than read Max Weber, he would be rebranded. He is a very respectable thinker."

The former Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, has described Robinson as "one of the world's most compelling English-speaking novelists", and said: "Robinson's is a voice we urgently need to attend to in both Church and society here [in the UK]." On January 24, 2013, Robinson was announced to be among the finalists for the 2013 Man Booker International Prize.

On June 26, 2015, President Barack Obama quoted Robinson in his eulogy for the Reverend Clementa C. Pinckney of Emanuel AME Church in Charleston, South Carolina. In speaking about "an open heart," President Obama said: "[w]hat a friend of mine, the writer Marilynne Robinson, calls 'that reservoir of goodness, beyond, and of another kind, that we are able to do each other in the ordinary cause of things.'” In November 2015, The New York Review of Books published a two-part conversation between President Obama and Robinson, covering topics in American history and the role of faith in society.

Bibliography

Fiction

  • Housekeeping (1980)
  • Gilead (2004)
  • Home (2008)
  • Lila (2014)

Nonfiction

Books

  • Mother Country: Britain, the Welfare State, and Nuclear Pollution (1989)
  • The Death of Adam: Essays on Modern Thought (1998)
  • Absence of Mind: The Dispelling of Inwardness from the Modern Myth of the Self (2010)
  • When I Was a Child I Read Books (2012)
  • The Givenness of Things: Essays (2015)

Essays and reporting

Interviews

  • A September 2015 interview with Barack Obama in Des Moines, Iowa, recorded by the New York Review of Books and published in the October issues of the magazine in two-parts

Awards

  • 1982: Hemingway Foundation/PEN Award for best first novel for Housekeeping
  • 1982: Pulitzer Prize for Fiction shortlist for Housekeeping
  • 1989: National Book Award for Nonfiction shortlist for Mother Country: Britain, the Welfare State, and Nuclear Pollution
  • 1999: PEN/Diamonstein-Spielvogel Award for the Art of the Essay for The Death of Adam
  • 2004: National Book Critics Circle Award for Fiction for Gilead
  • 2005: Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for Gilead
  • 2005: Ambassador Book Award for Gilead
  • 2006: University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award in Religion
  • 2008: National Book Award finalist for Home
  • 2008: Los Angeles Times Book Prize for fiction for Home
  • 2009: Orange Prize for Fiction for Home
  • 2011: Man Booker International Prize nominee
  • 2012: Honorary Doctorate of Letters from Brown University
  • 2012: National Humanities Medal for "grace and intelligence in writing"
  • 2013: Man Booker International Prize nominee
  • 2013: Park Kyong-ni Prize
  • 2014: National Book Critics Circle Award for Lila
  • 2016: Library of Congress Prize for American Fiction and Dayton Literary Peace Prize

References

External links

  • Works by or about Marilynne Robinson in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
  • Recognitions by: Marilynne Robinson on her opinion of Marcel Proust, PEN American Center


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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