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The Cleft Stick, or,"It's The Same the Whole World Over".

Walter Greenwood
Selwyn & Blount

Walter Greenwood

Walter Greenwood (17 December 1903 – 13 September 1974) was an English novelist, best known for the socially influential novel Love on the Dole (1933).

Greenwood was born at 56, Ellor Street, his father's house and hairdresser's shop in "Hanky Park", Pendleton, Salford, Lancashire. His parents belonged to the radical working classes. His father died when he was nine, and his mother supported him by working as a waitress. Like many children he left school at the age of 13 to work (as a pawnbroker's clerk). He took a succession of low paid jobs, and continued to educate himself in Salford Public Library. During periods of unemployment he worked for the local Labour Party and began to write short stories.

While unemployed, he wrote his first novel, Love on the Dole, in 1932. It was about the destructive social effects of poverty in his home town. After several rejections, it was published in 1933. It was a critical and commercial success, and a huge influence on the British public's view of unemployment. It even prompted parliament to investigate, leading to reforms. The popularity of the novel, which was adapted as a play that had successful runs in both Britain and the United States, meant Greenwood would not have to worry about employment again.

The script for the 1935 Sydney Howard comedy, Where’s George? was written by Greenwood although it had none of the social commentary of his other work.

Greenwood was engaged to a local Salford girl Alice and stayed in Salford for a while, where he served on the city council, but soon moved to London. He abandoned his fiancée who sued him successfully for breach of promise. In 1937 he married Pearl Alice Osgood, an American actress and dancer.

Although he never matched the success of Love on the Dole, he produced a succession of novels during the 1930s: His Worship the Major (1934), The Time is Ripe (1935), Standing Room Only, or 'A Laugh in Every Line' (1936), Cleft Stick (1937), Only Mugs Work (1938), The Secret Kingdom (1938) and How the Other Man Lives (1939). He also co-wrote a George Formby film, No Limit (1935).

While living in Polperro, Cornwall in 1938, Greenwood set up a production company, Greenpark Productions Ltd, which trades as a film archive. In 1941 Love on the Dole was made into a film starring Deborah Kerr.

During the Second World War Greenwood produced films through Greenpark Productions Ltd for the British government, and served in the Royal Army Service Corps. 1944 saw the publication of Something in my Heart, and the end of his marriage to Pearl.

After the war he wrote the Trelooe trilogy – So Brief the Spring (1952), What Everybody Wants (1954) and Down by the Sea (1956) – and a few plays: The Cure for Love (1945, filmed 1950), Date of West End opening "12 July 1945" Too Clever for Love (1952) and Saturday Night at the Crown (1958). He also co-wrote the film Chance of a Lifetime in 1950, in a similar factory setting to Love on the Dole. In 1951 his book Lancashire in the County Books Series was published by Robert Hale. It has only five chapters of which the first four are short and the fifth (pp. 42-298) contains descriptions of the larger towns and a selection of other places. He retired to Douglas, Isle of Man in the 1950s, and wrote an autobiography There Was a Time (1967) which became a play Hanky Park (1968).

His manuscripts and letters are archived in the University of Salford's Walter Greenwood Collection.

He died in Douglas, Isle of Man on 13 September 1974 aged 70.


  • Kunitz, Stanley J. & Haycraft, Howard (1942) Twentieth Century Authors: a biographical dictionary of modern literature. New York: H. W. Wilson Co.
  • Constantine, Stephen (1982) "Love on the Dole and its reception in the 1930s," in Literature and History; 8:2 (1982), 232-49.
  • Gaughan, Matthew (2008) "Palatable Socialism or 'The Real Thing'? Walter Greenwood's Love on the Dole", in: Literature and History; 17:2 (2008), 47-61.

External links

  • Walter Greenwood Collection from the University of Salford site
  • Walter Greenwood and 'Love on the Dole' - from the Working Class Movement Library site
  • Walter Greenwood on IMDb

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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